Pelvic Floor Dysfunctions
Ritika Dogra

By - Ritika Dogra
Functional Manual Therapist at VARDĀN
The pelvic floor is a group of muscles, ligaments, and nerves located at the bottom of the pelvis (between the hips). These muscles support the bladder, rectum, prostate in males, and vagina and uterus in females. They also offer general support to other organs in the abdomen. The pelvic floor muscles work as part of the ‘core' to regulate the internal pressure in the abdominal cylinder along with the abdominal, back and breathing muscles. The function of the pelvic floor is to support the organs in the pelvis, which include:
  • Bladder
  • Rectum
  • Urethra
  • Uterus
  • Vagina
  • Prostate
What is pelvic floor dysfunction?
Pelvic floor dysfunction is the inability to correctly relax and coordinate pelvic floor muscles. Pelvic floor muscles either becomes tight or they get weak causing lack of co-ordination of pelvic floor muscles.
Pelvic floor dysfunction can cause a variety of symptoms, and some can interfere with daily life. Depending on the type of pelvic floor dysfunction, a person may experience:
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Stress urinary incontinence, which involves a small amount of urine leaking from the body, due to an activity, such as coughing.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Involuntary leakage of stool.
  • Constipation or bowel strains.
  • Lower back pain.
  • Pain in the pelvic region, genitals, or rectum.
  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse for women.
  • Pressure in the pelvic region or rectum.
  • Muscle spasms in the pelvis.
  • Tailbone pain
  • Pelvic organ prolapse or bulge in the pelvic region.
  • Childbirth - common in normal delivery, because of tearing of pelvic floor muscles or episiotomy.
  • Traumatic injury to the pelvic region.
  • Obesity.
  • Pelvic surgery.
  • Nerve damage.
  • Hysterectomy.
  • Chronic cough.
  • High impact sports.
  • Heavy weight lifting.
  • Pelvic radiotherapy.
  • Constipation.
  • Abdominal surgeries.
  • Diet high in fat and sugar.
  • Lower level of oestrogens after menopause.
How FMTTM Helps
Functional Manual Therapy® (FMTTM) is a comprehensive approach to physical therapy, which optimizes the musculoskeletal and neuromuscular systems to eliminate pain, and brings the patient’s life to an optimum functioning level. At VARDĀN, we understand the intimacy of these issues. Our functional manual therapists at VARDĀN are trained to identify the contributing musculoskeletal factors in order to address the underlying cause to their pain and restore wellness. We, at VARDĀN, use a variety of research-based treatment options, including Functional Manual Therapy®, neuro muscular re-education to restore normal joint mobility, improve muscular balance, and control and teach improved movement patterns, Core first strategy, visceral mobilization, scar tissue mobilization, and postural re-education. Our thorough evaluation helps pinpoint areas of discomfort for effective pain relief, caused by weak or tight pelvic muscles. Pelvic rehabilitation is also important for efficient working of core. We empower our clients to understand how their bodies work and take charge of their wellness.
Our Client Speak

“I had a great experience at VARDAN and with Dr Ritika Dogra as my physical therapist. I came in with terrible low back pain caused by running / exercising incorrectly and a lack of core strength. She listened patiently while we checked in at the beginning of each session and then came up with what we would do that day based on where my body was at… She assessed the problem as a whole and I was on my way back to normal within 2 weeks.. Also, Dr Ritika made efforts to keep my moral high and encouraged me that I will be relieved with all the stiffness and my body aches. I am also grateful to all the coordinators & staff members for their prompt services and follow ups. I would recommend Dr Ritika and Vardan to anyone in need of physical therapy. Many thanks to Dr Ritika for her therapy & Vardan to provide such a great facility for patients .”

- Prakul Vashist

Please call 011-43580720-22, 8:30 AM to 6:30 PM
Monday to Saturday
You may also contact our team on
+91-9971112446, +91-9910955500, +91-9810306730, +91-9910855500
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Address: 16-A, Ring Road, Lajpat Nagar- IV, New Delhi 110024
A Functional Manual Therapist is also available in Gurugram & Noida